While the term "cattle rustling" may evoke images of the Wild West and cowboy confrontations, the reality is that this age-old crime continues to plague the modern livestock industry. With the current economic climate driving up cattle prices, these valuable animals have become sought-after commodities for criminals looking to make a quick profit. Despite advancements in technology and law enforcement, cattle theft remains a persistent issue, impacting ranchers across the United States.
In today's context, cattle rustling has taken on a new dimension, driven by the lucrative nature of the livestock trade. The strategic targeting of cattle, driven by their rising market value, has transformed them into a highly sought-after "hot" commodity. As a result, the livestock industry faces a renewed challenge in safeguarding its herds from organized criminal activity.
To combat this ongoing threat, brand committees and livestock boards have emerged as key players in the identification and ownership of livestock. These entities play a crucial role in tracing ownership and should be immediately informed when livestock goes missing or is suspected to be stolen. While the occasional wandering cow is not uncommon, the numbers presented highlight a more sinister reality.
In the year 2023 alone, alarming figures reveal that 454 head of cattle have been reported missing or stolen in Nebraska, 177 in Montana, 74 in North Dakota, and 71 in South Dakota. Wyoming's experience over the years has been no less disconcerting, with nearly 4,000 head of livestock reported missing between 2017 and 2022, as documented by the Wyoming Livestock Board and local news sources.
The issue of brand inspection further complicates the fight against cattle rustling. Triggered by changes in ownership or out-of-state travel, brand inspections are designed to track livestock movement. However, the presence of partial brand inspection areas in certain states, such as Nebraska and South Dakota, provides opportunities for thieves to exploit gaps in regulations. Criminal investigator CJ Fell warns that thieves can easily gather and transport cattle across state lines, taking advantage of non-brand areas to evade detection.
Timing is identified as a significant challenge in addressing cattle theft. Steve True, director of the Wyoming Livestock Board, highlights that often, by the time missing cattle are noticed, it becomes a cold case, severely limiting the chances of recovery.
States with formal brand inspection systems, including Arizona, California, Colorado, and others, provide a measure of protection against cattle theft by creating a traceable ownership record. However, a considerable number of states across the U.S. lack such formal systems, leaving livestock owners vulnerable.
Cattle theft takes various forms, from simple loading onto trailers to more gruesome cases where thieves slaughter the animals on-site for their meat. While the latter is less frequent, incidents occur annually. In a recent case in southwestern Wyoming, thieves butchered a calf, taking specific cuts of meat while discarding the rest of the carcass. The calf's ear was also removed to eliminate evidence of an ear tag.
To safeguard their herds, cattle producers are encouraged to keep meticulous records. The use of a brand, a traditional method of livestock identification, is crucial for tracing ownership. Ben Eggleston of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association (TSCRA) emphasizes that cattle without branding are easy targets for theft. Implementing measures such as locking gates, pastures, and corrals, along with permanent identification of livestock and equipment, can serve as deterrents to criminals.
Regrettably, some victims of agricultural theft are acquainted with the culprits. This personal betrayal underscores the need to be cautious about business associations within the industry. In case of suspected cattle theft, authorities should be immediately alerted to increase the chances of recovering stolen property. For many ranchers, raising cattle is not just a livelihood; it's a legacy. Protecting that legacy from the clutches of modern cattle rustlers remains an ongoing and personal battle.