Alberta, Canada has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The amount of rainfall, snow, and sunshine can vary depending on the region within the province. Generally, the province experiences low precipitation and long periods of sunshine, but with significant variations across the year.
In terms of rainfall, Alberta is considered a semi-arid region, receiving an average of 300-400 mm of precipitation per year. The northern part of the province tends to receive more rainfall than the southern part, with areas around the Rocky Mountains receiving up to 1,000 mm of precipitation per year. Most of the precipitation in Alberta falls during the summer months, with June being the wettest month.
Snowfall is common throughout Alberta, especially during the winter months. The amount of snow can vary depending on the location, with areas closer to the Rocky Mountains receiving more snowfall. The snow season typically lasts from October to April, with the heaviest snowfall occurring from December to February.
The growing season in Alberta varies depending on the location and elevation. In general, the growing season in Alberta is short due to the province's high latitude and cool climate. In the southern parts of the province, the growing season is typically from mid-May to mid-September, while in the northern parts of the province, the growing season can be as short as three months.
Alberta is known for its abundant sunshine, with an average of 300-320 days of sunshine per year. The province receives the most sunshine during the summer months, with June and July being the sunniest months.
In summary, Alberta, Canada has a semi-arid climate with low precipitation and long periods of sunshine. Snowfall is common during the winter months, and the growing season is short due to the province's high latitude and cool climate. The amount of rainfall, snow, and sunshine can vary depending on the location within the province.